Did you know that by the age of 50, up to 85% of all men will experience hair loss or thinning? According to studies, approximately 40% of all women will experience some degree of hair loss before the age of 40.
Most of us take our locks for granted until they're no longer there. Despite the fact that hair loss is normal and some people tolerate their baldness, no one wants to go through it. Hair loss has a significant effect on people's lives, including their relationships, jobs, and self-confidence. Many people are unaware that no matter how much hair they've lost, they have choices for treating, replacing, and restoring it. A hair transplant procedure is one of these choices.
Surgical hair transplantation entails removing healthy hair follicles from one location and transplanting them to another where the follicles are no longer viable. A graft is the common word for a hair-bearing strip of skin. Grafts can be taken from any part of the body, but they are most often taken from the occipital scalp (the donor zone on the posterior scalp) because of its high long-term viability. The size and shape of the graft are determined by technology, instruments, and surgical approaches. Tissue from the donor site is removed to create hair grafts. The aim is to take a small amount of hair-growing tissue from one region of the scalp and transplant it to another. Hair-bearing tissue may be separated from the donor region in a strip or in individual units one at a time (Follicular Unit Transplantation, FUT) (Follicular Unit Extraction, FUE).
Using stereoscopic dissecting microscopes, grafts are harvested from the donor strip in FUT. These follicular units are saved and ready to be implanted into the recipient's scalp. In the follicular cell, there are typically 2-3 hairs. Incisions the same size as the graft are made into the scalp by the doctor. The grafts are then inserted one by one, at the appropriate length and direction, into each recipient site to mimic the surrounding hair.
It is not necessary to remove a donor strip while using FUE. Instead, the follicular units are removed from the scalp one by one. After that, the follicular units are retained before being transplanted into the scalp.
Graft Survivability: Hair grafts must be able to withstand hair transplant surgery.
Dehydration: Grafts can live in a dry environment for around 16 minutes before dying. It is beneficial to keep them in a liquid as saline.
Temperature: The temperature of the follicular units should be kept cool to avoid injury.
Oxygen: As follicular units are isolated from the donor region, they are deprived of oxygen, and if this occurs for an extended period of time, they will cease to function properly.